What is Appointment Eligibility? Your appointment eligibility determines the type of job announcements for which you may apply. The “Who May Apply” section on each announcement defines the type of applicant who is considered to be in the area of consideration for a particular announcement.
In some instances the areas of consideration may be restricted to applicants from a particular local commuting area (LCA). This term is defined as the geographic area surrounding a work site that encompasses the localities where people live and reasonably can be expected to travel back and forth daily to work based on the generally held expectations of the local community. The LCA for DFAS is generally a 75-mile radius of a vacancy’s duty station.
Common Types of Appointment Eligibility
Some common types of appointment eligibility are described below. This list is not exhaustive, but it should provide you with a helpful overview of the most common ones. Be sure to click on the links for information on what documentation you must submit at the time of application to prove your appointment eligibility. Failure to submit required documentation may result in you missing consideration for the position.
Current and Former Permanent Federal Employees:
Current Federal Employees: You are a current Federal civilian employee serving on a permanent: (1) competitive service position (Note: Your SF-50, Notification of Personnel Action must show either a “1” or a “2” in block 24 and a “1” in block 34); OR (2) Veterans Recruitment Appointment (Note: Your SF-50, Notification of Personnel Action must show either a “1” or a “2” in block 24 and a “2” in block 34). You must submit a copy of your SF-50 when applying unless you are a current DFAS employee.
Former Federal Employees (Reinstatement Eligibles): You were previously a permanent (career or career-conditional appointment) Federal civilian employee in the competitive service and are seeking a new appointment. There are specific criteria that must be met in order for you to be eligible for appointment using this authority. Additional information and required documentation may be found at USAJobs.gov.
Veterans Employment Opportunity Act (VEOA) Eligible: You are veteran whose latest discharge has been under honorable conditions, AND you must either: has substantially completed three or more years of active military service, OR are a preference eligible. “Preference eligible" under VEOA includes those family members entitled to derived preference. Additional information and required documentation may be found FedsHireVets.
Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA) Eligible: You are a veteran who has been honorably discharged and are: disabled; or has been awarded an authorized campaign badge, expeditionary medal, or Armed Forces Service Medal; or separated within the last three years. You can be appointed under this authority at any grade level up to and including a GS-11 or equivalent. Additional information and required documentation may be found FedsHireVets.
30 Percent or more Disabled Veteran: You are a disabled veteran with a compensable service-connected disability of 30 percent or more. Additional information and required documentation may be found at FedsHireVets.
Individuals with Disabilities: The Federal Government has a special appointing authority for persons with disabilities (Schedule A, 5 CFR 213.3102(u)). You are eligible if you are an individual with an intellectual, psychiatric, or severe physical disability. You must submit documentation from a licensed medical professional; a licensed vocational rehabilitation specialist; or Government agency that issues or provides disability benefits with your application/resume package. Additional information may be found at USAJobsIndividualsWithDisabilities.
Interchange Agreement: Some agencies have entered into an agreement with the Office of Personnel Management prescribing conditions under which employees may be moved from the agency’s system to the competitive service.
Non-Appropriated Fund (NAF) employees Eligible: This is an example of an interchange agreement. To be eligible you must have served in a continuing NAF position for one year and be currently holding such appointment, or have been involuntarily separated from such position within the last year. You must submit a copy of your most recent Personnel Action form.
For more information, refer to OPM's section on Interchange Agreement with Other Merit Systems.
Interagency Career Transition Assistance Program (ICTAP) Eligible: This program offers employees priority for jobs in Federal agencies other than the agency from which they separated. You must be a current non-Department of Defense Federal civilian employee being displaced or have already been displaced from a permanent (career or career-conditional appointment) in the competitive service. You must have a current performance rating of at least "fully successful" or equivalent; occupy (or have been separated from) a position in the same local commuting area of the vacancy; apply for a specific vacancy at or below the grade level you are being (or have been) separated from that does not have greater promotion potential than your last position; meet the application deadline; and be found "well qualified" for the job. You must submit proof of your proposed or separation such as reduction-in-force separation notice or SF 50; notice of proposed removal of transfer of function outside the commuting area. Additional information may be found on the Office of Personnel Management, Employee’s Guide to Career Transition.
Military Spouse or Family Members Eligibilities:
Executive Order (EO) 13473 - Military Spouse Appointing Authority: You are eligible under this authority if your active duty military spouse: 1) receives a permanent change of station (PCS) move; 2) has a 100% disability rating; or 3) died while on active duty. Each of these categories has different eligibility criteria that must be met. More information may be found at FedsHireVets.
EO 12721 - Former Overseas Employment as a Family Member: You are eligible if you are a family member of a Federal civilian employee, NAF employee or military member, and have completed 52 weeks of service in an appropriated fund position overseas. You are eligible for appointment in the competitive service for a period of 3 years following the date of your return to the United States from the overseas area. You must submit a copy of your SF-50 Notification of Personnel Action showing you have accumulated 52 weeks of creditable service and a copy of your performance rating reflecting a rating of fully successful or better.
Preference for Overseas Positions:
The following terms are applicable to spouses or other family members residing with a member of the U.S. Armed Forces or a U.S. citizen civilian employee of a U.S. Government Agency, whose duty station is in a foreign area:
Overseas Military Spouse Preference (MSP) Eligible: You are the spouse of a current active duty military member (sponsor) of the U.S. Armed Forces serving on a permanent foreign area assignment, and you were authorized by your spouse's PCS orders to accompany him/her. Having MSP eligibility does not guarantee employment. You must submit a copy of your sponsor's PCS orders, or command sponsorship letter at the time you apply.
Overseas Family Member Preference (FMP) Eligible: You are the spouse, unmarried dependent children including step children, adopted children and foster children not more than 23 years of age residing with a Federal civilian employee, NAF employee, or uniformed service member whose duty station is in a foreign area. FMP does not apply to family members of locally hired civilian employees. Having FMP eligibility does not guarantee employment. You cannot claim FMP for positions outside the Department of Defense. You must submit a copy of your sponsor's PCS orders, or command sponsorship letter at the time you apply.
Overseas Family Member No Preference Eligible: You are the spouse or family member of a civilian employee, NAF employee, or uniformed service member serving in a foreign location who have used or lost the FMP. FMP is used or lost when a family member accepts or declines (whichever occurs first) a permanent position or continuing temporary position that is expected to last through the sponsor’s date eligible for return from overseas (DEROS) with appropriated funds, NAF or AAFES. If initially appointed into a temporary position and the duration if for less than one year, FMP is lost upon the extension of that appointment if extended through the sponsor’s DEROS date, and if the position is identified as continuing.
Page updated March 29, 2013.